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Dr. Rajesh Swarnakar
Director
Getwell Hospital and Research Institute
Contact Info:
9271276116
DrRajeshSwarnakar@gmail.com
   
Allergic Rhinitis

What does allergic rhinitis means?
Allergic rhinitis is the way lungs specialist describe an allergy that affects the nose.
What happens when you have an allergy? To understand this, you should know that your body has a defence system to fight disease and protect itself. Just like the army protects a country from enemies. In medical language, your body's defence system is called the immune system. When harmful things such as germs (bacteria or viruses) enter your body, the immune system recognises an "enemy" and attacks it.
But sometimes your immune system gets confused about what is an enemy and what is not. It reacts to harmless things like dust, the hair of animals, the pollen from plants and trees, and sometimes even certain food items.
An allergy can affect various parts of the body such as the skin, eyes and nose. If it affects your nose, you sneeze a lot, your nose itches and gets runny and
blocked, and your eyes keep watering. These are called the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

What are the things that can cause allergic rhinitis?

These things that can cause allergic rhinitis are called allergens.

Is it allergic rhinitis or just a common cold?

Allergic rhinitis is caused by allergens, whereas a cold is caused by germs. Both these problems can make you sneeze, and make your nose run and feel blocked and itchy. But there are some signs that can help to tell the difference. It is probably allergic rhinitis if:

  1. You do not have fever and body ache (ache in the muscles)
  2. The mucus in your nose is clear and runny, not yellow/green and thick
  3. You sneeze many times before the sneezing attack stops
  4. Your nose, ears and throat feel itchy
  5. Your eyes water a lot
  6. These problems stay longer than a typical cold.

Is allergic rhinitis a serious condition?

Though allergic rhinitis does not threaten your life, it can certainly disrupt your life! It disturbs your sleep, your performance at school or work, and you feel and look miserable. How can you lead a normal active life if you are conscious about constantly sneezing and blowing your nose?
What is the treatment for allergic rhinitis?

Many people have a habit of buying cough-and-cold syrups or even antibiotics on their own without taking medical advice. But the best thing you can do to tackle allergic rhinitis is to consult lungs specialist who will study your condition and then put you on the right treatment.
Usually to treat allergic rhinitis intranasal corticosteroids are given.These medicines treat the cause of the disease and therefore bring better relief. They are to be taken in a unique way as nasal sprays, which deliver the medicine directly to the site of the problem.

How can I control the things that make my allergic rhinitis worse?

You should try to avoid getting exposed to allergens as much as possible.
 The following steps also help:


  Avoid exposure to furry (hairy) animals. If you have a pet, keep it   out of your bedroom.

 

 


Ensure that curtains, bedsheets, carpets and soft toys are washedfrequently.

 

 

If possible, enclose mattresses in plastic covers, and change foam mattresses that are more than five years old because a lot of dust will have collected on them.

 

 

 If you have a vacuum cleaner, vacuuming is     
better     than sweeping. Clean furniture and     
floors with   a damp cloth, because this removes   
dust better than   dry dusting/sweeping.

 

 


If there are patches of mould (fungus) on any walls of your house, get rid of it by cleaning with a mild solution of bleach.

 

 


Do not smoke, and do not allow smoking in your home.

 

 

 

Allergic Rhinitis
More than just a nose problem

Thanks to your nose. You have a sense of smell but your nose also has another very important function! It is literally the guardian of your body’s respiratory system, the air tubes which carry air into your lungs. Your nose moistens and warms the air that you breathe in, and filters out a lot of pollution before the air enters your lungs.

If you frequently suffer from sneezing and a runny nose that itches and feels stuffy, it could be allergic rhinitis. Many people have this problem, but they think it is a bad cold which keeps coming back. Allergic rhinitis is not “Just” a cold. It is a condition that makes you really miserable and it is not properly treated, it can lead to more serious problems.

 
 
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